A Bikeable Community Attracts Residents, Visitors

bicyclist on paved off-street trail

A truly bikeable community provides a transportation option, a physical exercise opportunity, and a recreational amenity that could really enhances many aspects of your life.

Considering that so many car trips are for a very short distance, often less than a mile, the bicycle option helps reduce both traffic congestion and the greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change.

And do we need to tell you that making your community more desirable makes your property more valuable?

In many towns and cities, though, bicycle safety would be a major issue for all but the most advanced cyclists, who can, will, and should ride in the vehicular lane unless there is a dedicated bike lane.

Bicycle advocates swear that this is the safest place for them to be, since motorists readily notice them there. In most places, they have every legal right to be on the road.

Still, those who are less expert would appreciate separated bicycle lanes or bike boulevards or tracks, special markings, special cyclist traffic signals, education of the motoring public, and off-street trails and paths.

Regardless of skill level, cyclists would benefit from more prevalent bicycle facilities including bicycle racks or lockers, convenient bicycle repair shops, and workplace showers.

In medium and large cities or large university or business campuses, bicycle sharing programs, including rentals from fixed locations or the newer dockless rental enterprises, may be feasible.  These programs make affordable transportation even more inexpensive, and allow tourists and visitors to use active transportation and decrease car rentals.

A bikeable (also spelled bikable also) community provides a very enjoyable way to exercise. In fact, more facilities for biking has been cited by the Centers for Disease Control as a community obesity prevention measure!

Bicycles also are a way to beat traffic gridlock in areas such as downtowns.

Where incomes are low, the bicycle is a low cost transportation method from both an acquisition and an operational standpoint. Bicycle sharing programs that offer low-cost low-income memberships are a welcome development that promises an even better cost picture for the truly disadvantaged.

Cycling should be promoted especially as part of wellness programs and in low income communities. It's hard to beat for inexpensive transportation.

If your organization serves very low income folks, borrow an idea from Sibley Bike Depot in St. Paul, Minnesota, and start a community bike library. Community partner organizations lend bikes for six months at a time to community members who cannot afford their own bike.

But adults rediscover the fun also, and many relatively short bicycle trips serve the dual purposes of recreation and the utility of running one short errand without putting up with traffic and parking.

Cycling requires many of the same considerations as building a walkable community. In fact, together bicycling and walking are known as active transportation.

For example, for both, retrofitting of facilities and connectivity are critical points. The notion of completing the streets by adding bicycle lanes and accommodations, as well as making sure that these bicycle facilities don't have critical gaps, is important in becoming a real bikeable community.

We want to highlight the fact that you do not need to have bicycle lanes on every single street though.  Consider that you have a street network, and if you create reasonable routes for travel between destinations, you can hold down your expenses and administrative burden for maintenance of bike lanes, bike boulevards, and such.  Obviously this is easier if you have a street grid rather than a suburban style street hierarchy system.

Important Needs for a Bikeable Community

Additional needs within a bikeable community are clear markings for bicycle lanes, educating cyclists to pedal in the same direction as the automobile traffic, and educating motorists about how and where to watch for and work with cyclists. A combination of work on infrastructure, education, and thoughtful signage make for a bikeable community.

Other bicycle safety considerations include, for example:

  1. Making sure that curbs are cut where they should be and that disability ramps are built properly,
  2. Checking into loose stormwater grates and other obstructions near the curb, including trash, discarded tires, and the like,
  3. Assuring that cyclists have somewhere to go on ramps and other narrow transition points,
  4. Considering the relationship between on-street parking and becoming a bikeable community. A frequent bike accident type occurs with "dooring," in which a person in a parked car does not notice an oncoming cyclist and opens the car door in front of the bicyclist, causing a collision.
  5. Providing greater visibility for cyclists at congested traffic signals. A common way to address this problem is to provide a "bike box," literally a marked and sometimes colored box across the entire width of traffic lanes, or a significant portion of the them, closest to the intersection and crosswalk. Only bikes are allowed in the bike box. Then the bicycles are in front of the car traffic, and drivers can see them better as the light changes.
  6. Providing a refuge, such as what is known sometimes as a bicycle slot, in traffic islands that often separate right-turn lanes from the straight-ahead lanes. Giving the cyclist a place to wait if he or she is caught in the middle of a broad intersection is very important to comfort. When space permits, separate crossing refuges for bicyclists and pedestrians would be most welcome.
  7. Abundant but attractive signage as bicycles and automobiles get used to each other.
  8. Inclusion of designated bicycle lanes and perhaps parking facilities in any land use planning or comprehensive planning project.  Making bicycles safe is a multi-year, multi-decade project for most cities.

One tool that is gaining traction in the transportation world is the road safety audit. A road safety audit, which may be conducted in-house by your local public works people or may involve the use of a consultant, is a formal process in which the likely safety of each kind of road user--automobiles, bicyclists, pedestrians, wheelchairs--is evaluated.

We can't resist speculating on how autonomous vehicles may or may not improve bicycle safety or at least perceived safety. In the best case, these driverless cars will be better able to stop quickly, detect and dodge cyclists, and adjust calmly to the pace of bicycles in the driving lane. Since probably the first generation of autonomous vehicles to really command the road will be electric and smaller and lighter than current vehicles, cycling near them should become more pleasant. And lastly, driverless cars and trucks presumably won't devolve into road rage when they encounter a bicycle! See our general article on driverless cars and planning if this topic interests you.

Off-Street Bicycle Trails

Bicycling will increase in a community when the connections are more plentiful. Wherever possible, think of providing off-street paths. These can be multi-use paths accommodating not only cyclists but also pedestrians, strollers, wheelchairs, rollerblades, and so forth. You can see an abundance of examples on the American Trails website.

To begin a bicycle trails program for your community, look for long linear corridors that are underused. Often these will follow a stream or a utility corridor. There may be unused road right-of-way, old streetcar lines, old railroads, or old canal roads. The abandoned railroads may be claimed by organizations that will convert them to trails, providing the organization will relinquish the use of the right-of-way if the railroad needs it again.

Many of the these Rails-to-Trails projects have been built across the country and frequently serve as the backbone of a community's trail system.

Increasing your reputation as a bikeable community appeals to younger people, the retired folks, and an increasing number of adults in between who simply want to get some exercise and see life at a slower pace than cars allow.

Another important battle to fight in the community is to make sure that the transit system is bicycle friendly in both its equipment to handle bikes on buses and trains, and in the actual attitudes of transit personnel toward allowing cyclists enough time and leeway to board safely.

Biking to Work

You can encourage bike commuting to work within your community by assuring a network of cycling facilities near employment centers. But equally important, you need facilities at the workplace to accommodate the bike. This might include bike lockers, safe bike racks, or a tolerant attitude and physical accessibility of the workplace to allow the bike to stay inside.

A second very important accommodation for the bike-to-work crowd in many climates is the ability to take a shower after arrival at the workplace. Somehow pedaling for 45 minutes on a hot summer morning makes that cyclist less desirable in the morning meeting unless there's a shower available!

Like most community-wide change, bikeable community innovations will require some awareness raising and some campaigning. But cycling events are photogenic and fun, and the fun is contagious. From recreational use, it's a short leap to transportation use on a nice weather day.

If you need help, national and international organizations are springing up all over the place. For instance, the  Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals is a good resource for making your neighborhood into a bikeable community.

Related Topics to Consider

  1. Community Development
  2.  ›
  3. City Planning
  4.  ›
  5. Bikeable Community

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