City planning with kids is a wonderful and unpredictable activity,
sometimes offering insights and usually offering whimsical spins on
public issue discussions. Children will offer simple, straightforward
observations about the great characteristics of your city. Let's start with explaining that a bit more; if you have already decided on this approach, you can skip ahead to the suggestions heading.
Involving school-age children and young people is certainly more lively than asking adults for opinions about the
future of land use, transportation, or the local economy.
When asked what kind of real estate development they do want, in
the positive sense, often adults modulate their responses depending on
the trust level they have established with their local government. Children and teens may just blurt it out in a way that actually moves the dialogue toward telling the truth.
Adults typically just get up and speak, sometimes making a personal
attack and sometimes speaking emotionally, but often they've been
coached to behave well. Occasionally someone shows up with a dead bird
or photos of the trash blowing around a fast food drive-through lane.
That's about the extent of the adult drama. Children, tweens, and teens are more unpredictable and therefore just more fun.
However, we want to point out that besides their truthfulness, there are other major advantages to involving children in the community planning process. They are the true stakeholders, meaning those who really will see the results, good or bad, of the town planning decisions that the community makes.
The American Planning Association has really accentuated city planning with kids in recent years, even providing some resources for learning how to do so.
The fun thing is that if you want to involve school children in a planning process, especially the younger ones, you can't really anticipate everything they will say and do. If you're brave enough to ask younger children, those in grades 1-6, what they want to see added to the neighborhood, they'll have ideas aplenty.
Often the first comments are wildly self-interested, so children and young teens will request outdoor video games, ice cream, balloons, fountains with soda
instead of water, Santa Claus landing in a hot air balloon, and such.
Then usually they settle down and start being very honest.
They will want to see more people around, more places for Grandma to sit down, more salons where Mom can get her hair highlighted, more choices for something that would interest Dad, and music on Sunday.
They want to see the traffic moving faster but they don't want to have to walk as far to the store. They want that ugly roof to be taken off. They want the street to be cleaner. Flowers would be nice. And a place for their dogs to get a drink.
They comment that it's ugly when people leave their chewing gum in the drinking fountain or spit on the street. They want the pigeons to stop pooping. And please, could we do something about downtown soon because it is so b-o-o-o-ring.
City planning with kids is bracing and refreshing in its honesty. It can help the adults to see things in a new light as well.
Before we offer some pointers on better inclusion of the next generation, we have to issue a stern warning to governmental entities. Don't even think about manipulating children into endorsing your pet project or plan. If we can't appeal to your ethics to get you to agree with this proposition, perhaps you at least will see that this is counter-productive when the children mature enough to realize they have been exploited. Just be careful not to use city planning with kids for cynical and selfish purposes.
That being said, there is still a lot to like about children at the table. Here are some tips for success :
We also suggest that you incorporate children right into committees and dialogue groups with adults after they have had a little orientation to the planning question. If you let them know that their opinions will be taken seriously by not relegating them to the "children's table" like Thanksgiving dinner, they often will respond. Ask children, tweens, and teens to contribute good ideas, and ask adults to listen respectfully without jumping in to criticize or laugh at every idea they express.
But in your eagerness to include young people, there is no need to fall into the trap of acting as if the participation of kids and teens is so unusual that you need to comment on it at every single opportunity. If you do this, they will sense that what they are doing is atypical and that it is unlikely that they will ever be asked to serve in a responsible capacity again until they are adults.
Children can participate in an actual design charrette (a concentrated design experience focused on a particular geography), if you follow our guidelines.
For more suggestions on how to present community subject matter to kids, see the link.
A terrific activity kit, which is available in several different formats, is called Box City. This isn't to be confused with the store of that name of course.
Good luck with your children's charrette, or just better inclusion of students in community planning.
Good Starting Places for First Efforts at City Planning with Kids: