Homeowners rights with code enforcement
(North Miami dade county )
Visitor Question: I live in North Miami and I have this code officer harassing me because of a code violation report to them by a mysterious resident.
What are my rights as a homeowner here in Florida? Can I demand this inspector show me the complaint and who complained? Also can I demand they show me exactly what code I have supposedly violated so when they get in we focus on one thing as opposed to them just cherry picking issues?
Editors Respond: Indeed you no doubt have certain legal rights in Florida, and perhaps in your particular municipality. But we would like to suggest that you take a practical approach to the situation. Do you want to spend a lot of money and time on hiring a lawyer so you can enforce your rights? Do you want the harassing to continue while you do this? For most people, if they can calm down from some of the stress, the answer is no.
If you are calm and you decide you must have an attorney help you take advantage of every legal right, then you will need to start working to find good legal advice for your particular location.
If you take the practical approach, as most people that we talk with face to face decide to do, here are some things to know.
It's unlikely that you have a legal right to see the complaint and who filed it. In many places complaints are taken on the phone or online, sometimes anonymously. Some cities even guarantee anonymity so that citizens will feel free to speak about situations that are possible code violations.
However, once a code enforcement official goes out to see your property, he or she feels an obligation to find out if the complaint reflects something that is indeed a code violation.
It sounds as if you think the code inspector must enter your home to determine the validity of the complaint. In some places code enforcement activities are limited to items that can be seen from the exterior, so ask the inspector who is bothering you exactly what he or she needs to see. If you and the inspector are both angry now, you could call the inspector's supervisor and ask for this basic information. (If you do this, don't be hostile and do be businesslike. Another advantage of calling the supervisor could be asking questions to find out whether the treatment you are receiving is unusually severe.)
If the inspector and supervisor explain that access to the interior of your home is necessary for them to enforce the law in your city, our advice is to grant them the access. We say this without knowing anything about you, your neighborhood, or your situation, because after all, the codes are written for the health and safety of residents. For example, a resident may not think their peeling lead-based paint is a problem, but scientific evidence says that it is.
We do think it is perfectly appropriate for you to request that the inspector look only at the issue that sparked the complaint, but we are not too optimistic that this will be honored. Usually an inspector wants to find all the violations at once, but it can't hurt to ask nicely that they confine themselves to one room.
The other thing you can do about limiting the scope of the inspection it to figure out how to make it a little unpleasant to be in your home for a long time. Dogs, whining kids, bad odors, loud music, or cigar smoke might do the trick! But again, don't go overboard with this. Your goal is to remember that inspectors and their bosses are humans, so if you are mean and nasty, they might be tempted to retaliate.
We didn't really answer your question directly because we are not lawyers, but maybe these perspectives based on our experience at supervising code enforcement will be helpful.
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