City planning with kids is a wonderful and unpredictable activity, sometimes offering insights and usually offering whimsical spins on public issue discussions. Children will offer simple, straightforward observations about the great characteristics of your city.
It's certainly more lively than asking adults for opinions about the future of land use, transportation, or the local economy. Adults who attend public meetings tend to understand that there's no penalty for exaggeration when they're opposed to something.
When asked what kind of real estate development they do want, in the positive sense, often adults modulate their responses depending on the trust level they have established with their local government.
Adults typically just get up and speak, sometimes making a personal attack and sometimes speaking emotionally, but often they've been coached to behave well. Occasionally someone shows up with a dead bird or photos of the trash blowing around a fast food drive-through lane. That's about the extent of the adult drama.
However, we want to point out that besides their truthfulness, there are other major advantages to involving children in the community planning process. They are the true stakeholders, meaning those who really will see the results, good or bad, of the town planning decisions that the community makes.
The American Planning Association has really accentuated city planning with kids in recent years, even providing some resources for learning how to do so.
The fun thing is that if you want to involve school children in a planning process, especially the younger ones, you can't really anticipate everything they will say and do. If you're brave enough to ask younger children, those in grades 1-6, what they want to see added to the neighborhood, they'll have ideas aplenty.
Often the first comments are wildly self-interested, so children and young teens will request outdoor video games, ice cream, balloons, fountains with soda
instead of water, Santa Claus landing in a hot air balloon, and such.
Then usually they settle down and start being very honest.
They will want to see more people around, more places for Grandma to sit down, more salons where Mom can get her hair highlighted, more choices for something that would interest Dad, and music on Sunday.
They want to see the traffic moving faster but they don't want to have to walk as far to the store. They want that ugly roof to be taken off. They want the street to be cleaner. Flowers would be nice. And a place for their dogs to get a drink.
They comment that it's ugly when people leave their chewing gum in the drinking fountain or spit on the street. They want the pigeons to stop pooping. And please, could we do something about downtown soon because it is so b-o-o-o-ring.
Community planning with kids is bracing and refreshing in its honesty.
Here are some considerations:
• Just as with adults, explain in advance that you might not be able to provide everything they request.
• Offer a few interesting pieces of trivia related to your subject that you think will intrigue the children.
• Employ art materials, building blocks for younger children, found materials for older children, and plenty of photos to engage the eye as well as the brain. If you can record sounds or present tastes relevant to the project, that's also helpful.
• Age-appropriate budgeting exercises help older children express their priorities. A budgeting exercise can be anything from asking them to distribute these five green dots to their most preferred alternatives and three red dots to the ickiest items, to actually dropping play money in jars. These exercises are too frustrating for grades 1-4 though.
• Feel free to mix children with adults in public workshops and forums, especially if there is a strong visual element to the problem at hand.
• Keep in mind the typical attention span of the age groups with which you are working, as well as the vocabulary.
• Weigh children's input appropriately according to how expert they are on the subject you're studying. If you are planning a school, park, or playground, they may well be better than adults at spotting a deal breaker. But they might be close to useless in planning a port.
• As with adults, anticipate the problems of domineering and difficult people. With children, I've been successful with just "accidentally" placing all the loudmouths together, where they can see who can yell loudest.
• For best results, isolate children from their own parents or any other authority figure in their lives that might inhibit their expression. In other words, don't put the fifth grade teacher at the table as the recorder.
• Remember that abstraction skills develop reliably about high school time, although of course it's possible that you have a very precocious child or two. So city planning with kids doesn't mean map work, unless it's mind maps you're seeking. They're pretty good at free association. If you need to work with where something goes, use blocks or another three-dimensional object.
• Recognize that city planning with kids could bring out the tendencies toward meanness against any "outsider" groups that aren't present. So don't take those reactions too literally.
• Reward them with a trinket for a job well done at the end of the allotted time.
Children can participate in an actual design charrette (a concentrated design experience focused on a particular geography), if you follow our guidelines.
For more suggestions on how to present community subject matter to kids, see the link.
A terrific activity kit, which is available in several different formats, is called Box City.
Good luck with your children's charrette!
Good Starting Places: