The neighborhood watch anti-crime program has become quite popular, as citizens try to work closely with law enforcement to provide extra "eyes on the street," reporting unusual activity to the police.
"Eyes on the street" in this instance simply means that people are consciously watching for unusual events on the block.
I'd much rather see these programs, also called crime watch sometimes, than the surveillance cameras, which are a substitute, but one without any additional social benefits.
In more socially connected times, we knew our neighbors, their habits, and many of their visitors, so we could have spotted when something unusual was happening.
Now people are less likely to be acquainted with their neighbors. As society is less cohesive, many people don’t want to get involved with neighbors of unknown character.
Moms and dads are usually working now, and there are fewer and fewer front porch gatherings or over the back fence chats.
However, crime is on the radar screen in cities, suburbs, small cities and towns, and rural areas. Law enforcement officials don’t have the resources to be everywhere, and if they did, we’d probably complain.
So these citizen groups came into being as a way of educating citizens about looking out for the atypical and gathering information when a crime does occur.
If you want to organize a neighborhood watch program on your block or in your entire neighborhood, your local law enforcement officials probably will be very happy to assist you and provide you with resources.
In the unlikely event that they are overworked or a little cool to the idea, you can provide the information you need for yourself. Check out the information from the National Sheriff’s Association or the information and signs for sale at the National Neighborhood Watch Institute.
As a neighborhood leader and participant, there are pluses and minuses to a crime-oriented program on your block. The negatives are that you telegraph to the world that probably you've had a burglary, and that some people may object to the occasionally too aggressive enthusiasm of a police department for this sort of activity. A few people will feel that rather than being crime watchers, you’re becoming vigilantes.
A second point to keep in mind is that you may want to structure the neighborhood watch program and modify it a bit from the way your police department or sheriff's office presents it.
Try to combine the neighborhood watch with a more general appreciation of why you might be facing a burglary or other crime situation.
A general community organization can provide many more valuable functions and also absorb neighborhood watch as one of its activities. Some groups have started to take a wider view of community development and have begun holding events such as clean-ups, and I think you should consider forming a broad-purpose organization first and incorporating neighborhood watch as its first or major activity.
Neighborhood watch is best conceived of as a cooperative effort between law enforcement and citizens. The data show that this cooperative approach works, especially in reducing crimes such as burglaries or home invasions.
The program itself usually consists of the following elements:
Usually you'll want to form a planning committee. If someone on the block recently has been the victim of a burglary, it won't be hard to recruit him/her/them. After you have three or four of you, approach your local law enforcement to see what assistance they offer.
Even if law enforcement is extremely helpful and organized, try not to let your hand off the steering wheel entirely. You should make the first contact with the neighbors yourselves.
Determine what geographic area is to be covered, and invite everyone to a first meeting. Especially in a smaller town give law enforcement plenty of notice. Deliver flyers or letters to each residence advertising the first meeting.
If people don't participate at first, keep trying to get them involved. After all, the success of your group may depend on what that particular uninvolved person sees.
From this point on, running a watch meeting is pretty much like any other meeting, except that the law enforcement personnel attending are likely to be somewhat dominant. Let that happen; they have a lot of expertise and will train you on the do's and don'ts of preventing burglaries.
They will provide lists of what to observe and record when you
see a crime or a suspicious activity, and the security of having those
lists will help you become a better witness if that day happens.
Usually there will be a watch coordinator, and block captains will be recruited for each block, if you have a neighborhood-wide group. But keep in mind that your particular block by itself can be a watch community as well.
Crime watch groups are becoming more sophisticated all the time. Make sure you are taking full advantage of any programs in your state that allow you to track the whereabouts of convicted sex offenders, the names of people recently released from prison who might be returning to your neighborhood, and the records of judges. Maintain your humanity though--don't lose compassion while trying to prevent crime. For instance, it's good to be aware of people who may be returning to your neighborhood after a stay in prison, but be as ready to lend a helping hand as a suspicious eye.
The Long-Term Approach to Fighting Crime: Place Making and Lifting Families Out of Poverty
Also, remember that you need to make your neighborhood wonderful in general, and that the activity level in a terrific place to be is often enough to deter crime. We recommend a well-rounded book on neighborhoods in general that sheds light on deterring crime: The Great Neighborhood Book: A Do-It-Yourself Guide to Placemaking.
In fact, some research suggests that a focus on improving police response may be better than neighborhood watch. Other effective evidence-backed techniques include community policing and landlords sharing information about trouble-making tenants. See the Pew Solutions for America crime prevention article.